ABOUT HAIR TRANSPLANTATION
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Many questions are asked to both physicians and hospitals about hair transplantation. We have prepared a frequently asked questions section for you, which is important to know about hair transplantation.
First among the frequently asked questions about hair transplantation; It includes how long the operation will take. The duration of hair transplantation operations may vary depending on the number of grafts taken and the technique applied. Based on an average hair transplant operation; It can be said that hair transplant operations vary between 6-8 hours.
The root parts of the hair are transplanted as a piece of tissue called GRAFT. There are two methods of transplanting the living hair follicle. These; FUT (Follicular Unit Transpanlantation) and FUE (Follicular Unit Extractation) methods. Both techniques can be applied at the same time. There is also a DHI (Direct Hair Implant) hair transplant technique.
FUE is one of the most known and frequently preferred techniques in hair transplantation. After all the hair of the patient is shortened to 3mm in length, the donor area is anesthetized with local anesthesia. Grafts that are loosened with a device called micro motor are collected with the help of forceps. The area to be transplanted is anesthetized and the channels where the roots will be placed are opened using blades. When collected, the grafts with some tissue pieces are separated from the tissue pieces and the remaining hair follicles are placed in the canals. At the last stage, the donor area is covered by dressing.
Although the design is personalized from patient to patient in each hair transplant, the hairline starts at an average of 7-11 cm above the area corresponding to the middle of the two eyebrows. After the location of the line is determined, the direction of hair growth in this area before the operation is determined in order to make it look more natural. Then, follicular units containing only one hair follicle are transplanted in the specified direction. The reason for using follicles containing only one hair follicle is to ensure that there is no scar in the frontal, that is, the most visible area of the hair. By removing the excess tissue around these follicles, their size is reduced so that the hair can be transplanted more adjacent with less slits. In addition, due to the natural state of the hair, the hair in the front area is thinner than the hair in the back. For this reason, when determining the hair to be transplanted to the hairline area and temples, care is taken to choose thinner and stronger hair.
The hair follicles placed in the area to be transplanted are the grafts that belong to the patient. It is not possible to use a hair follicle taken from someone else in hair transplantation. The grafts used are usually taken from the nape of the patient. In cases where the nape area is not sufficient, it is possible to make the chest or chin area as a donor. However, the first choice is always the neck area.
The number of grafts needed in hair transplantation procedures is not clear. Every operation is personal. The number of grafts you need varies according to the size and condition of the area requiring transplantation. For this reason, the healthiest method to find out the number of grafts you need; It can be determined after a specialist examination.
Today, pain and pain are not felt during hair transplantation. It is a surprise for most patients that they feel much less pain than they think. In hair transplantation, psychological factors as well as physiological pain can increase the pain and make the person uncomfortable. Psychologically, it is very important to prepare patients for the operation. For this, in addition to detailed information, patients can be relieved with the medication given before the operation. In order to have the least pain during the procedure, the least entry should be made and the thinnest needles should be used. Anesthetic agents should be at body temperature when injected into the skin. By using the tumescent technique in the skin to be planted and harvested, it can be worked in large areas without bleeding. After the anesthetic takes effect within 5-10 minutes, the patient does not feel any pain and they watch television, play with their smartphones or sleep during the operation!
If necessary, anesthesia can be provided for 8-12 hours by applying nerve blocks. Postoperative pain is also prevented with a strong analgesic substance administered towards the end of the operation.
FUE, DHI and Percutaneous techniques do not cause a permanent scar if applied by a specialist. When the recovery period is completed after the operations in which these techniques are applied; It is not possible to leave any traces in the transplanted area or donor area. However, the oldest method, FUT technique; It causes scarring in the donor area due to the incision and suture procedures it contains.
The only hair loss experienced after the operation; shock is the process of shedding. During the shock spill period between 2-8 weeks after the operation; The planted roots shed the hair strands on them to produce new roots. After this process is over, your permanent hair starts to grow. At this point, it should not be forgotten that every hair follicle has a life cycle. Even if your new hair strands fall out when they complete their life cycle; new hair strands will be replaced. Hair loss experienced after the operation does not result in hair loss.
Yes, it can be done. However, for the second application, at least 6 months must pass after the first operation. During this time, the donor area can fully recover and recover. It is not possible to perform the second operation in a shorter period of time.
It is important to have realistic expectations. If your hair is very thin at first, hair transplantation will not fully equip your head with hair. The thicker and thicker the hair you have, the better the results will be.
Keep in mind that in general, thick, gray or light colored hair does better than thin hair of dark hair.
Investigate prices Before starting treatment, ask your doctor if there will be any extra charges.
Smoking can negatively affect the healing of your wounds and your recovery rate after surgery. Therefore, you should stop smoking at least 24 hours before surgery. In fact, if you are determined, you can try to quit smoking completely.
Stop drinking alcohol 1 week (at least 3 days) before surgery
Do not have your hair cut before the operation. The hairs in the area where the hair follicle will be extracted must be long enough for transplantation. In addition, long hair also covers the stitch marks after surgery.
Start massaging your scalp about two to four weeks before surgery. If possible, do this for at least 10 to 30 minutes each day. It provides acceleration of blood circulation in the area and softening of your skin.
Depending on the degree of hair loss, you may need to take medication (Minoxidil) before surgery. If the planting will be done only on the hill area, it may not be necessary. It is recommended to take antibiotics before the operation to prevent the risk of infection. These can also be prescribed after surgery.
If you are over a certain age, for example 45 and over, some clinics may ask you to have a few tests, such as an EKG. You may also need a blood test.
Do not take aspirin or anti-inflammatory medication 2 weeks before surgery.
If you are using antidepressants, beta blockers and blood thinners, quit two weeks in advance. Our specialist will give you a list of medications that you can or may not take before surgery.
Do not take a multivitamin, mineral or herbal supplement (such as gingko biloba) 2 weeks before the operation.
Since you will be given sedatives that will help you relax before the surgery, do not drive the car yourself on your way home, but have someone with you. Avoid doing dangerous and complicated tasks during the day, as it will take time to pass.
Lie in a slightly upright position on the first night after the operation, you can support your head with a few pillows to achieve this. Do not touch the newly transplanted areas, even if there is a slight itching and pain. If you touch or rub it, the roots here may fall off because they do not hold onto the skin properly.
Do not drink alcohol for 48 hours after surgery. If you are a smoker, take a break for a month. Smoking can prevent blood from reaching the hair follicles and stop new hair growth. It is even recommended that you quit smoking completely.
Do the washing in accordance with the instructions given by our specialist for the first 10 days. After the 10th day, change the way you wash and wash with your fingertips by massaging the transplanted area with circular movements. This massage helps to remove dead skin and, more importantly, to remove scabs that prevent hair from growing.
Avoid sports and exercise for a week after surgery. Try not to lean forward and blow your nose hard.
If insoluble stitches are used, they will be removed 14 days after surgery.
While your scalp is still pink and fluffy, try to avoid sun exposure and avoid using tanning beds. Use an umbrella when going out in the sun.
If you have severe pain, bleeding or infection, contact your specialist as soon as possible. Generally, it takes between 3 and 4 months for new hair to form, but this period can take up to 6 months. You need to be patient while waiting for your new hair follicles to be activated.